Some species of Ficus trees can grow up to 40 feet in the wild, so learn the final size of the plant before purchasing it and bringing it indoors. Birgitta Bremer et. 2: 1059. Department of Agriculture, Cooperative Extension Service, University of Florida, IFAS, Florida. Dixon D.J. If other IPM controls are ineffectual, apply a pesticide registered for interiorscape use that lists both the pest to be controlled and Ficus benjamina on the label. Species numbers have been reported as ranging from 600 to as many as 2000. Control pests by pruning out small infestations, wiping individual pests with alcohol on a cotton swab or washing off pests with dish soap and water. Pl. The genus Ficus falling within evergreen, semi-evergreen and deciduous species, which occupy almost any possible plant form, such as trees of large, medium and low growth, as well as shrubs, vines and climbers. The Ficus genus of plants includes more than 800 woody species found mostly in tropical zones, with a few extending into warmer temperate regions. In Asi… Generally, species of plants in the ficus genus grow in a wide variety of environments. Advice on how to grow ficus and care for it. Mature plants may produce small, inedible figs. Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. Ficus colombra Gasp. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. Ficus dictyophylla Wall. 1753. From Bot. Ficus plants belong to the fig genus. Among the more famous species are the sacred fig tree (Pipal, bodhi, bo, or po, Ficus religiosa) and other banyan figs such as Ficus benghalensis. Soc. Version 1. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. They flourish in tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and America. These woody trees, vines, shrubs, and plants belong to the family Moraceae. Results. Ficus cordata cordata. Ficus Linnaeus, Sp. IUCN 2012. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. The ficus tree is only about 3 to 9 feet tall. King: Accepted: WCSP (in review) Ficus albomaculata C.C.Berg: … Ficus species are sometimes called figs. Control disease development by providing the correct environmental conditions and moisture levels for optimum growth. Ficus benjamina Wall. Figs Ficus, Moraceae to reveal the history of the fig pollination mutualism PDF.U.S. Most Ficus species are evergreen, but some are completely deciduous (such as Ficus carica), depending on seasonal temperatures and rainfall. In medium light (100 – 200fc), allow growing media to dry down 1/3 of container; in higher light conditions allow media to dry down 2″ to 1/4″ of pot. caprificus Risso Ficus carica var. Despite differences in appearance, most Ficus species have similar preferences. ex Wall. Ficus are popular decorative plants and are even used as religious symbols in some cultures. illegit. Ficus carica var. To begin the acclimatization process, Ficus grown in direct sun are moved to shade houses for 8 to 10 weeks before they are shipped to interiorscapers. Access to the fig species pages can either be via the alphabetical index, hierarchical classification or via the checklists for specific regions and countries. Pl. Ficus carpentariensis a new sandpaperfig for northern Australia and a revision of the F. opposita complex (Moraceae: Ficus subg. Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata. The genus Ficus is in the family Moraceae in the major group Angiosperms (Flowering plants). IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 榕属 rong shu Trees, shrubs, climbers, stranglers, or sometimes woody epiphytes, evergreen or deciduous, with latex; monoecious species with male, gall (sterile female), and female flowers in each fig or dioecious with either male and gall flowers or only female flowers in each fig. This extraordinary diversity of Caprifico 82. The Plant List (2010). The Plant List (2013) lists around 840 accepted species. Ficus kopetdagensis Pachom. (2009): An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III. BASIONYM: Ficus indica Linnaeus 1753. You should refer instead to the current version of The Plant List. The common fig is one of two significant trees in Islam, and there is a sura in Quran named "The Fig" or At-Tin(سوره تین). domestica Czern. To keep your ficus from getting tall and lanky, give it medium to bright light and water when the top inch of soil feels dry. Acacia spirorbis Acronychia laevis Aglaia elaeagnoidea Aleurites moluccana Alibiza guillainii Alphitonia neocaledonia Alyxia tisserantii ... Ficus scabra Fontainea pancheri Gardenia urvillei Garuga floribunda Geijera cauliflora Glochidion billardieri Guioa gracilis Gymnema tricholepis The oldest living plant of known planting date is a Ficus religiosa tree known as the Sri Maha Bodhi planted in the temple at Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka by King Tissa in 288 BCE. Medium to bright light. Too much will result in black spots at the leaf edges. Ficus grown in medium light conditions prefer to be slightly root bound, but plants in high light may need to be root pruned and repotted every 2-3 years. Ficus sect. Adding fresh soil and cutting off roots outside the pot will ensure that they will start growing again. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. Sycidium informal group F. copiosa). Then, gently wipe branches and trunk with soap solution and a sponge to remove dust, pests and sap. Casuarina species bishopwood Bischofia javanica Brazilian pepper, Florida holly Schinus terebinthifolius carrotwood Cupianopsis anacardioides Chinese tallow Sapium sebiferum cork tree Thespesia populnea Cuban laurel fig Ficus retusa downy rose myrtle Rhodomyrtus tomentosus earleaf acacia Form. Surprisingly, Ficus can survive in the same grow pot, with a shrinking soil mass, for many years. BASIONYM: Ficus benghalensis Linnaeus 1753. Underwatered plants develop symptoms such as mottled yellow leaves, leaf drop and withered stems. Species Name . Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. At the moment species coverage is largely limited to the Afrotropical region, but page development for the rest of the world's fig species is in progress. Ficus deliciosa Gasp. Commercial solutions such as Leaf-Tek work well at cleaning built up grime and dust on foliage. Ficus carica var. The only noticeable result will be less healthy looking leaves (smaller and paler). These are primarily included because names of species rank are synonyms of accepted infraspecific names. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Many ornamental Ficus species exist, and probably. All Ficus species pout when you water them improperly. More than a hundred ficus plant species are known. Ficus lucida Aiton Ficus neglecta Decne. While Ficus species prefer strong light, they can adapt and remain alive in fairly low light (125fc) for a remarkably long period of time if water levels are kept low. Too little will result in the oldest leaves turning yellow and dropping. Ficus globosa Miq. Ficus pedunculata Miq. Ficus exotica Ficus haematocarpa Bl. We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. How to Cite, The Plant List — A working list for all plant species. Do not fertilize unacclimated, stressed or infested plants. Ficus species Most commonly used varieties: F. benjamina; F. retusa ‘Nitida’; F. malcellandii ‘Alii’; and F. lyrata Back to List Common Name: Fig tree Light Needs Medium to … Reference taxon from World Plants in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Ficus abelii Species recognized by Barcode of Life Data Systems , wikipedia 中文维基百科 , wikipedia VI , China Species List , Laos Species List , Thailand Species List , Vietnam Species List , Sabath et al 2016 , and NCBI 9. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. In temperate areas Ficus species are frequently grown as potted indoor plants. Ficus varieties used in interiorscapes need to adjust to lower humidity levels and light intensities. Ficus neapolitana Miq. This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Ficus (family Moraceae). The Plant List includes 2,746 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Ficus. Ficus benjamina, part of the large Moraceae or Mulberry family, are native to Southeast Asia, India and Australia. FICUS SPECIES SUITABLE FOR BONSAI The following is a list of commonly used species; there are also large numbers of varieties of these species available and the suitability of these should be … Version 2012.2. www.iucnredlist.org. 1805, nom. Fig trees have profoundly influenced culture through several religious traditions. Ficus polymorpha Gasp. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. 9. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. As the Ficus adjusts to the lower light levels, it drops leaves it can. Ficus trees are popular houseplants prized for their attractive foliage. Those in good light will grow a large root mass over the years. 2007. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. Ficus roots need a growing media with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5, and good pore space for gas exchange and root expansion. Test the growing media periodically for excess soluble salts which can damage delicate roots and interfere with water absorption. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. F. Benjamina has glossy green elliptical-shaped leaves and a light tan colored trunk.