, The federal Conservatives proposed remedial legislation to override Manitoba, but they were blocked by the Liberals, led by Wilfrid Laurier, who opposed the remedial legislation because of his belief in provincial rights. , The Legislative Assembly consists of the 57 Members elected to represent the people of Manitoba. Manitoba has five professional sports teams: the Winnipeg Blue Bombers (Canadian Football League), the Winnipeg Jets (National Hockey League), the Manitoba Moose (American Hockey League), the Winnipeg Goldeyes (American Association), and Valour FC (Canadian Premier League). The province was previously home to another team called the Winnipeg Jets, which played in the World Hockey Association and National Hockey League from 1972 until 1996, when financial troubles prompted a sale and move of the team, renamed the Phoenix Coyotes. This region features long and extremely cold winters and brief, warm summers with little precipitation. Coverage in the south begins at the Canada-USA border and extends north to Paint Lake Provincial Park. Hanlon, Christine; Edie, Barbara; Pendgracs, Doreen.  Air Canada Cargo and Cargojet Airways use the airport as a major hub for national traffic. Brandon University, formed in 1899 and in Brandon, is the province's only university not in Winnipeg. The Festival du Voyageur is an annual ten-day event held in Winnipeg's French Quarter, and is Western Canada's largest winter festival. 1 204 927 7800, © 2018 Travel Manitoba. , Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, sieur de La Vérendrye, visited the Red River Valley in the 1730s to help open the area for French exploration and trade. This resulted in the Manitoba Act and that province's entry into the Canadian Confederation. Butler, George E. The Lakes and Lake Fisheries of Manitoba.  Margaret Laurence's The Stone Angel and A Jest of God were set in Manawaka, a fictional town representing Neepawa; the latter title won the Governor General's Award in 1966. The resolution of the rebellion and further negotiations led to Manitoba becoming the fifth province to join Canadian Confederation, when the Parliament of Canada passed the Manitoba Act on July 15, 1870. The Minister of Culture, Heritage, Tourism and Sport is responsible for promoting and, to some extent, financing Manitoban culture. , Manitoba has a moderately strong economy based largely on natural resources. Maps are developed from Lucidmap’s iconic Canadian cartography. McLauchlin, Kenneth.  The Canadian government blocked the Métis' attempts to obtain land promised to them as part of Manitoba's entry into confederation. During the 1990s, Canadian Forces Base Shilo was designated as an Area Support Unit, acting as a local base of operations for Southwest Manitoba in times of military and civil emergency. Gray, John Morgan. Whether it be the food, the view, or the proud and friendly folks you'll meet along the way - we promise you'll get both what you're looking for, and more often than not, a moment of surprise brought to you by Manitoba. Easterbrook, William Thomas; Aitken, Hugh GJ.  York Factory was founded in 1684 after the original fort of the Hudson's Bay Company, Fort Nelson (built in 1682), was destroyed by rival French traders. The Canadian Museum for Human Rights is the first Canadian national museum outside of the National Capital Region.  A boomtown, it grew quickly around the start of the 20th century, with outside investors and immigrants contributing to its success. , CFB Winnipeg is a Canadian Forces Base at the Winnipeg International Airport. Political parties first emerged between 1878 and 1883, with a two-party system (Liberals and Conservatives). , Southern Manitoba (including the city of Winnipeg), falls into the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfb).  Cartoonist Lynn Johnston, author of the comic strip For Better or For Worse, was a finalist for a 1994 Pulitzer Prize and inducted into the Canadian Cartoonist Hall of Fame.  Manitoba is far from the moderating influences of mountain ranges or large bodies of water. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. There are sixty-five funded independent schools in Manitoba, including three boarding schools. The base is home to flight operations support divisions and several training schools, as well as the 1 Canadian Air Division and Canadian NORAD Region Headquarters.  The Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival is an annual alternative theatre festival, the second-largest festival of its kind in North America (after the Edmonton International Fringe Festival). The name Manitoba is believed to be derived from the Cree, Ojibwe or Assiniboine languages. Manitoba's capital and largest city, Winnipeg, is the eighth-largest census metropolitan area in Canada. Neatby, LH.  Four of these universities are in Winnipeg: the University of Manitoba, the largest and most comprehensive; the University of Winnipeg, a liberal arts school primarily focused on undergrad studies downtown; Université de Saint-Boniface, the province's only French-language university; and the Canadian Mennonite University, a religious-based institution. Brandon has two newspapers: the daily Brandon Sun and the weekly Wheat City Journal. , Winnipeg has two daily newspapers: the Winnipeg Free Press, a broadsheet with the highest circulation numbers in Manitoba, as well as the Winnipeg Sun, a smaller tabloid-style paper. , In 1611, Henry Hudson was one of the first Europeans to sail into what is now known as Hudson Bay, where he was abandoned by his crew. This basin's rivers reach far west to the mountains, far south into the United States, and east into Ontario. CN and CPR operate a combined 2,439 kilometres (1,516 mi) of track in Manitoba. 1324x1948 / 1,24 Mb Go to Map.  The full-size replica of the Nonsuch is the museum's showcase piece.  Indigenous peoples (including Métis) are Manitoba's fastest-growing ethnic group, representing 13.6 percent of Manitoba's population as of 2001 (some reserves refused to allow census-takers to enumerate their populations or were otherwise incompletely counted).  The most dramatic result was the Winnipeg general strike of 1919.  Transcontinental railways were constructed to simplify trade. Southern Health-Santé Sud Board of Directors September 2020 Meeting Highlights. , The original province of Manitoba was a square one-eighteenth of its current size, and was known colloquially as the "postage stamp province". Manitoba Avian Research Committee. Meech Lake and Elijah Harper: Native-State Relations in the 1990s. For other uses, see, First Nations Homeland and European settlement. Hajnal, Vivian J. Canadian Approaches to the Financing of School Infrastructure. Although initial colonization of the province revolved mostly around homesteading, the last century has seen a shift towards urbanization; Manitoba is the only Canadian province with over fifty-five percent of its population in a single city. Manitoba contains more than 100,000 lakes, including Lake Winnipeg, one of the world’s largest inland bodies of fresh water. The province is represented in university athletics by the University of Manitoba Bisons, the University of Winnipeg Wesmen, and the Brandon University Bobcats.  The province's economy grew 2.4 percent in 2008, the third consecutive year of growth. , The two 17 Wing squadrons based in the city are: the 402 ("City of Winnipeg" Squadron), which flies the Canadian designed and produced de Havilland Canada CT-142 Dash 8 navigation trainer in support of the 1 Canadian Forces Flight Training School's Air Combat Systems Officer and Airborne Electronic Sensor Operator training programs (which trains all Canadian Air Combat Systems Officer); and the 435 ("Chinthe" Transport and Rescue Squadron), which flies the Lockheed C-130 Hercules tanker/transport in airlift search and rescue roles, and is the only Air Force squadron equipped and trained to conduct air-to-air refuelling of fighter aircraft.