russian revolution causes and effects

A constitution was being written when Alexander II was assassinated in 1881. The result was, by 1917, a mass of disaffected peasants, angry at increased attempts to control them by the people who profited from the land without directly working it. In the construction of Trans-Siberia and Trans-Caspian, in railways, many workers of Russia were engaged. The vast majority of peasants were firmly against developments outside the village and desired autonomy. Answer: Main causes were: Autocratic rule of Tsars: In 1914, the Russian emperor was Tsar Nicholas II. Czar Alexander II emancipated the ‘Serfdom’. Although the vast majority of the Russian population was made up of rural peasants and urban ex-peasants, the upper and middle classes knew little of real peasant life. When Alexander III died in 1894, the disinterested and somewhat clueless Nicholas took over. Russia was losing against Germany while people inside were starving due to food shortages because of the war. Lvov became a zemstvo (local community) leader, building roads, hospitals, schools and other community resources. Food, goods, and other essentials were scarce in Russian cities. The peasants, labourers and serfs belonged to the poor class. Alexander III, the heir of the murdered reformer Alexander II, tried to react, and sent it all back to Tsar centric, personalized ‘Muscovite’ autocracy. Nicholas’ poor leadership led to significant wartime failures in Russia. The war made revolution inevitable in two ways: it showed Russia was no longer a military match for the nations of central and western Europe, and … History, History of Russia, Russian Revolution, Causes, Causes of the Russian Revolution. Germany was expected to be largely involved in the invasion of France, as described in the Schlieffen Plan. What were the main causes of the Russian Revolution? First, he appointed his inexperienced cousin as commander-in-chief of the army, then he planned an invasion of East Prussia. Robert Wilde is a historian who writes about European history. When he took command and went to the front, he lost that buffer zone of sorts, and bore a much more personal responsibility for the events that unfolded during World War I. Nicholas left his wife, the Tsarina Alexandra, to govern. The Revolution started during World War I, and eventually the Soviet Union was formed. While the development was neither as advanced nor as swift as in a country like Britain, Russia’s cities began to expand and large numbers of peasants moved to the cities to take up new jobs. He was not a natural ruler of an autocracy. Privacy Policy3. 1. Meanwhile, the tsars ignored this growing sea change, reacting Alexander II’s assassination not by reforming but by retreating to medieval foundations. As military defeats continued, along with long lists of the war dead, negative feelings about the provisional government grew, paving the way for the Revolution. Russia had a vacuum that would not react to a changing, revolutionary world. Additional defeats followed. The Liberated Serfs became depressed as they could not get lands beyond their hope. Some historians have concluded that this wasn’t the case; the problem was that Nicholas was determined to govern while lacking any idea or ability to run an autocracy properly. The result was an autocratic regime under which republicans, democrats, revolutionaries, socialists, and others were all increasingly desperate for reform, yet impossibly fragmented. Cities were highly overcrowded, unplanned, poorly paid, dangerous, and unregulated. All it fooled were the Romanovs themselves. As you can see, the Russian Revolution had many positive effects on Russia, but it also had many negative effects on the world. But this was not a joyous, lawful commune; it was a desperate struggling system fuelled by the human weaknesses of rivalry, violence, and theft, and everywhere was run by elder patriarchs.Within the peasantry, a break was emerging between the elders and the growing population of young, literate peasants in a deeply-ingrained culture of violence. Ruling such a massive state was no easy task, especially as the long-term problems within Russia eroded the Romanov monarchy. This and other counter-reforms ran right into the reformers and set the tone for a struggle that the Tsar would not necessarily win. Added to this was the idea of the good tsar: it was the boyars, the aristocrats, the other landowners who were bad, and it was the tsar who protected you, rather than being an evil dictator. The theory was, functionally, a good one; however, the leadership and implementation of the plan was poor. Petrine bureaucracy in the nineteenth century had become interested in reforming, connected to the people, and the people wanted a constitution. The slaves became unhappy as they had got very low salary. This did not win him any support from the citizenry. He fought a number of wars to expand his empire in the north and west in Europe. She blamed the rebellions and strikes on undesirables, and failed to address the concerns of the people. The then prevailing condition of Russia was largely responsible for the revolution. Strikes and protests began in late 1916; however, the Tsarina failed to respond appropriately. These workers swiftly began to grow more politically-engaged and chaffed against government restrictions on their protests. The government agreed and created new laws that attempted to reel them in. He was forced to abdicate. Families lived just above the subsistence level, and around 50 percent had a member who had left the village to find other work, often in the towns. Autocratic Rule of the Czars: Czar Alexander II brought some reforms in Russia and became famous among all. He declared ‘One Czar, One Church, One Russia’. One negative effect was the spread of communism around the world that was the reason for World War II. The then prevailing condition of Russia was largely responsible for the revolution.

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