His antecedents are obscure. Basically they had willfully sinned for a long period of time. Neither is the Bible (for the most part.) 30 Jephthah made a vow to the Lord, saying, “If you really do hand the Ammonites over to me, 31 then whoever is the first to come through the doors of my house to meet me when I return safely from fighting the Ammonites – he will belong to the Lord and I will offer him up as a burnt sacrifice.” 32 Jephthah approached the Ammonites to fight with them, and the Lord … All rights reserved. These small group studies of Judges contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. Do you think that Jair and Tola were good judges? You will receive our practical and in-depth Bible study of Hebrews in .epub and .pdf versions delivered to your inbox. Why or why not? Jeremiah also told them that their own gods should save them. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Jephthah Was an Outlaw King. What was Jephthah’s situation? Why? Was Jephthah following God’s will to make this vow? Help us continue to create Bible study resources by supporting Study and Obey for as little as $1. The Bible is actually is a relatively simple book. of They were willing to accept discipline from the Lord. They will just be the same messages again and again. Jephthah also was kicked out. Why would worthless fellows gather around Jephthah? This biography of Jephthah may prove useful as the basis for fun Sunday School lessons for Christian children and kids other topics will prove a useful asset to teens, youth or adults taking a Bible Study course or Biblical degree. Israel had been there 300 years in undisputed possession. No need to read the whole thing. He doesn’t need anything from us. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Proud member 'Abel Keramim], with a very great slaughter" (Judges 11:33). What principle is shown here? Jepthah’s foolish vow. to the anointing of Saul as king (1050 B.C.). This was a lie. After forty-five years of comparative quiet Israel again apostatized, and in "process of time the children of Ammon made war against Israel" (11:5). Why or why not? What should you do if you make a promise and then discover that you made a mistake? This repentance has two marks. The Israelites beyond the Jordan being in danger of an invasion by the Ammonites, Jephthah was invited by the elders of Gilead to be their leader (Judges 11:5,6). The parent will keep instructing the child again and again and probably 90% or more of the commands won’t be new. C) Reminds us that this world is an evil and dark place where sin and Satan reign. Use Your Time At Home During Covid-19 to Study the Word! Throughout this exchange he repeatedly asks if they will really make him their leader. Bibliography Information As someone who was acting outside of the system, Jephthah attracted the down and outs to his cause. What does it mean in verse 11 “spoke all his words before the LORD”? He wanted them to reach an even lower state of despair so their repentance would not be shortlived. This is a lack of faith, thinking that in someone we can pay back what He has done for us or earn it. That the sacrifice was made seems certain from the narrative, although some critics choose to substitute for the actual death of the maiden the setting the girl apart for a life of perpetual virginity. Leviticus 27:28-29 – It was possible to devote people to the Lord (see Samson and Samuel). Confess and be forgiven. God didn’t listen to them at first. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. We tend to have short memories just like they did. This means that they changed their action. Genesis 15:16. Discuss the problem of corruption and lying that exists here. He is a Gileadite mighty warrior and a son of a harlot. After they fell into sin, God once again punished them in the same way. The people were so tainted by the surrounding religions and evil beliefs that even those who worshipped the Lord committed a number of sinful acts, sometimes maybe unconsciously because it was part of the surrounding “culture” of the day. Jephthah - A Free Christian Bible Study ResourceWe hope that this Jephthah article will provide useful information and ideas for those following a Bible Study plan. What four step cycle is repeated here? It’s like a parent raising a child. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances --The return of the victors was hailed, as usual, by the joyous acclaim of a female band (1 Samuel 18:6), the leader of whom was Jephthah's daughter. Read cross-references and discuss in depth. The Israelite laws concerning sacrifices and the language used in Judges 11:39 are the chief arguments for the latter interpretation. His father's name was also Gilead. The life of Jephthah began when he was born the illegitimate son of a man named Gilead and a whore. So, it is unlikely He will give us something to secure more devotion to Himself. It seems He wanted them to fully understand the lesson and to fully repent from their hearts. Jephthah prepared for battle, but before taking the field paused at Mizpeh of Gilead, and registered a vow that if he were successful in battle, he would offer as a burnt offering to Yahweh whatsoever should first come from his doors to greet him upon his return (Judges 11:29-31). It is not an imaginary or heavenly paradise where everything is perfect. Jephthah defends Israel’s rightful ownership saying that A) Those lands were not in the possession of the Ammonites when Israel took them, but were Amorite lands. All information on this Jephthah page is free to be used as an educational Christian Bible Study resource. Luke 15:20 – God is just like the father of the prodigal son, ready to forgive and restore. The men of Ephraim regarded themselves as insulted in not having been called by Jephthah to go with him to war against Ammon. This shows that a) he distrusts them. First we will look at verses 11-14 and then at 10 and 15-16. The account of the diplomacy used by Jephthah to prevent the Ammonites from invading Gilead is possibly an interpolation, and is thought by many interpreters to be a compilation from Numbers 20-21. The message repeated again and again throughout the book of Judges is that humans are basically sinful and fall away from God quickly, that sin has consequences and that God is just, but also merciful and ready to forgive. They changed their behavior. Why repeat essentially the same story so many times? Deuteronomy 12:31 – Whether Jephthah did or did not sacrifice his daughter, this is clearly prohibited by Scripture. Proverbs 28:13 – He who conceals his sin does not prosper; He who confesses will find mercy. The defeat of the Ammonites was complete. Which gods did they serve? This article about Jephthah, together with other tools, activities, aids and materials and are designed to be used by an individual or a Christian Bible study … They were probably good judges because a) Israel fell into sin AFTER their deaths and b) God normally used good judges to deliver Israel over a longer period of time. jef'-tha (yiphtach, "opened," or "opener," probably signifying "Yahweh will open"; Iephthae; used as the name of a place, as in Joshua 15:43; 19:14; of a man, Judges 10:6-12:7): Ninth judge of the Israelites. This is yet another example of the problems of man when man disobeys what God clearly reveals and goes his own way to do “what is right in his own eyes.”, Can you think of anyone else in the Bible who regretted his vow? (Mother of Samuel and Samson.). Discuss the two theories about what Jephthah ended up doing with his daughter. Romans 1:25-32 – For those who continue to willfully reject God, He will give them over to a depraved mind.
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