Though the tall varieties of the coconut palm can easily grow in laterite, coastal sandy, alluvial, and various different soil condition and can tolerate the wide range of pH from 5.0 to 8.0. High yielding variety (15.5 t/ha) having green leaves and purple stem with low anti-nutritional factors. Sometimes, if environmental conditions are favorable they can even grow more than 18 meters. They tend to flower early, grow well and yield well when provided good soil, environmental conditions, better nutrition, and proper irrigation. Reach to the bearing stage with in 5-6 years. It is produced into the two variants. Purple cordate plant type with long internodes, high yield of thick, sweet roots (1.50t/ha dry root) with high soluble sugar content (8.33%). Moderately resistant to stem borer, leaf folder, whorl maggot and blast. High yielding(19.33t/ha) with long light green pods. High yielding (14.8t/ha) with high nutritive value and low anti-nutritional factors. Fresh7.2 kg /tree; Dry2.86 kg/tree, Canopy shape conical, erect growth habit, oval shaped nuts and mace single nut weight – 10.85g; single mace weight -1.36g. The average height of these coconut trees are 17m but usually, they range from 15 to 18 meter in height. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, deep purplish magenta in colour and striped with white operculum and full appearance. Suitable for pokkali area. High Fodder yield, better quality , Crude protein content 18.5 %, High fodder yield, better quality, Crude protein content 18.9 %, crude fibre 20%, Clonal selection from NBPGR accession CP 79, Kottarakara Local, Erect growth habit, reddish brown stem growing to a height of 2.5 - 3.0 m, cylindrical tubers with light brown skin, white flesh and yield 3.97 kg/plant. These types of coconut trees yield the orange shade coconut fruits that can be reddish yellow in color. Dry Rind – 10.11 kg/tree; HCA -16.96 %. Tolerant to high temperature. Price of a poly bagged seedling 250/= CRIC 65. Certified variety with blue sticker. Flowers are medium large, flat, squarish in appearance, thick, glossy, light pink towards the outer side and greenish white towards the centre. Improved Varieties Recommended by Coconut Research Institute. The DwarfxTall hybrid between the Malayan Dwarf (yellow) and West African Tall is locally known as Mawa, in Ivory Coast, Mawa is known as Port-Bouet-121. Good for fresh and dry ginger. HY long duration paddy suitable for Kaipad lands; non lodging, white kernels; HY paddy variety suited for organic farmding, HY long duration paddy variety ; tolerance up to 12 dsm salinity, compared to existing variety (8 dsm); 10% extra yield over VTL 6, HY long duration salt tolerant paddy variety suited for Oru mundakan tract; 4.88 t grains and 8.8 tonnes straw/ha; red kernel. As the name suggests, these are the hybrid variety and produced through the cross between a tall and dwarf variety of coconut. High yielding variety having green fruits with white stripes for areas where green fruits are, HY small fruited (1.22 kg) variety suited for homestead and commercial cultivation; Av yield of 22 t/ ha. Preferred for root crop. Bright Yellow fleshed seedless triploid hybrid, rind colour is green with yellow stripes Av wt is 3.18 kg; Jack for table purpose, with attractive sunset orange flakes having ; bear fruits twice/ year; medium fruits 11-12 kg, 52 cm long; 25 fruits/ tree / year distinct aroma, taste and sweetness; T 28 of RCRS Kottarakkara (Intr.&Select.). Yield 6.5-7.0 t/ha, Tall, long duration, late maturing (130 - 140 days), non- lodging broad leaved variety with short bold white kernels. Plant height 95 cm, root length 61cm, girth 94 cm, 33 roots/ plant. HY variety (118.61 t/ha); with high sugar content (18.29%), suited for Jaggery production; suitable for flood prone situations; Compact res , golden yellow coloured global shaped fruits, av yield of 16.38 kg dry ring/ tree/year; mean HCA content 51.58%, A HY Malabar tamarind ; spreading trees; golden yellow oblate fruits; good quality fruit rind; dry rind yield of 9.91 kg/ tree/ year; HCA content 52.99%, Acidity 53.67 %; tannin 520 mg/100 g; driage 9.76 %, intensive branching with spreading canopy; 740 fruits/tree/year. Pale green leaves with small hairs on both sides. Mosaic tolerant chilli, with green coloured, semi-wrinkled pendent fruits of 10-12 cm long; Introduction and selection from CLN1621F (AVRDC,Taiwan). Long arching inflorescence with 9-10 flowers. Single nut weight – 12.6 g, single mace weight - 2.49 g. Recommended for cultivation in Palakkad District. A superior genotype suitable for dual purpose (tender nut and copra) with more quantity of tender nut water (287 ml) with excellent quality. 13 best and the most popular types of coconut varieties: Though all coconuts are sourced from single species of palm tree known as Cocos nucifera, it produces a variety of coconut due to varying soil and climatic conditions. There is only one species of Coconut Palm tree in the world, and this is Cocos nucifera. Fruit weight 55-60 g, BW resistant , HY ( 31.6 t/ha); vigorous plants ( spreading, 175 cm ht); long duration( 18-20 months);non spiny stem and leaves; inwardly curved light green long fruits (24.5 cm; 160 g). Tapping of the emerging flower in each tree is done 300 days a year for a toddy yield of 315,000 liters/year,which is converted into 54 MT of coconut sugar/ha per year. Sometimes, if environmental conditions are favorable they can even grow more than 18 meters.eval(ez_write_tag([[970,250],'ccrhindia_org-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',128,'0','0'])); Another interesting fact about the coconut trees is that they can live up to 80 to 90 years and grow up to an altitude of 3,000 feet. Coconut trees usually grow in the tropical region but due to increased demand and abundance of benefits, they are being planted across the globe. Selection from Seychelles (SE Asia).Tall palms, flower in 8 years, light green nuts, mean yield 99nuts/palm/year. A high yielding (15.93t/ha) year round cultivable variety with a duration of 120-140days. CRIC 60. Hybrid variety Medium tall plants with narrow leaves and high proportion of roots & vasicine content (2.55%). Balancotta (Selection from open pollinated progeny), Perumkodi (Selection from open pollinated progeny). Coconut fruit is widely used across the globe for its nutrient-rich meat, water, milk, and oil. Nut yield 19.39 kg/tree; Mace yield 4.23 kg/tree, Tolerant to soft rot and bacterial wilt disease, High yield, bold rhizomes, high recovery of volatile oil and oleoresin. Medium to large cylindrical shaped fruits, crop duration 70-75 days, less susceptible to pests and diseases. With a short lifespan than taller variety and less height, it also tends to produce the small size of coconut fruit that weighs around 80 to 90 grams and has a smaller size and rounded shape. Yield 5.6 t/ha. HY dwarf, medium duration paddy ; with medium bold red kernel grains; moderately resistant to sheath blight, sheath rot, BLB and false smut; grain yield 7-7.5 t/ha. internodes (cm) Chandrasankara . High root yield (2.65t/ha-dry) and high plumbagin content (0.80%)..Suitable for the extraction of plumbagin. Dark green leaves and high tillering. Primarily coconut has two distinct varieties that are tall and dwarf. Tolerant to thrips. Average whole plant yield (dry)-12.37t/ha. Has good acceptability as green chilli. During the season of pollination, it is found that these trees can cross-pollinate so it results in more varieties of coconut.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'ccrhindia_org-box-4','ezslot_1',129,'0','0'])); These are exactly opposite to the tall varieties. This is an Educational and Informational Post. This Page Will be Updated. The first one includes the female from the tall variety and male from the dwarf variety while the other variant includes the opposite. Single nut weight 10.0 g, single mace weight 2.06 g. Recommended for cultivation in Kottayam District. Hybrid between D.Nagoya Pink x D.[Candy Stripe x Tomie Drake]. Moderately resistant to stem borer, leaf folder, whorl maggot and blast disease. Flowers are very thick, glossy, large, light pink with prominent dark pink stripes throughout. High yielding, non-lodging, semi-tall variety having tolerance to salinity, acidity and flood. Average whole plant yield (dry)-11.25t/ha. Long, arching inflorescence with10-12 flowers. The average height of these coconut trees are 17m but usually, they range from 15 to 18 meter in height. usually, within 4 years of the plantation, they start to flower and produce the fruits. Coconut meat is scraped using a coconut scraper and used to extract milk, oil or then grated in small flakes to includes in various recipes.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'ccrhindia_org-medrectangle-3','ezslot_0',127,'0','0'])); In this article, we will discuss the various types of coconut and will see where they usually grow. Suitable for large scale plantations. Identification based on Characteristics of Dwarf Coconut is Very Important Before Online Purchase and it's Cultivation and Production. A photoperiod sensitive semi-tall rice variety suitable for Rabi. Tolerant to leaf rust, aphids, pod borer and American serpentine leaf miner. Master Delight. Mace yield 3.89 kg/tree, Canopy shape pyramidal, spreading growth habit, round fruits and dark red mace. Flowers are medium large, flat, squarish in appearance, thick, glossy, light pink towards the outer side and greenish white towards the centre.
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