The following tables show the average maximum and minimum temperatures of Canada of various cities across Canada, based on the climate period from 1981-2010 for the months of January and July (generally the lowest and highest average temperature months, but not in every case). Each of these extreme hot spells set records in several Except for the west coast, all of Canada has a winter season with average temperatures below freezing and with continuous snow cover. Canada's ten cities with the warmest nights have an average daily low temperature that's above 3.0 °C (37.4 °F). The lowest temperature ever recorded was −81 °F (−63 °C) at Snag, Yukon, in 1947. The daily range of temperature is also narrower on the coasts than in interior locations. Unlike elsewhere in Canada, the other maritime provinces have yet to top 40 °C. Heat waves of over 40 °C (104 °F) have repeatedly swept through towns and cities in southern Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and the driest regions of British Columbia. towns and cities. A date with a plus sign means it was that hot on at least one other day earlier that year. In the winter those parts of the country farthest from open water are the coldest, so that in the interior plains and in the North the winters are extremely cold. Central Canada and northern Canada experiences subarctic and Arctic climates, much of them arid. Copyright © 2020 Current Results Publishing Ltd. More Extreme Canadian Weather Information. Some Mountain passes in southern BC also have a subarctic or subalpine climate, creating extremely dangerous driving conditions, as drivers may be unaware of wintry road conditions when they come from nearby areas like Vancouver and Kamloops that are much warmer.. The highest temperature measured during that time was 36.2 degrees Celsius (97.2 Fahrenheit) on August 8, 2001. As air currents generally move from west to east, the west-coast mountains effectively keep marine air out. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Copyright © 2020 Current Results Publishing Ltd. More Extreme Canadian Weather Information. 5.2 Extreme warmest year occurrences by location. However, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was −63 °C or −81.4 °F in Snag, Yukon. Massive ridge of high pressure to bring hot, hot weather to B.C. Vancouver experiences an oceanic climate, bordering warm-summer mediterranean with a marked summer dry season. https://www.tripsavvy.com/canada-temperatures-by-month-and-city-1481747 5 Yearly Canadian Average Mean Temperatures. Places in italics are provincial capitals, bold is the national capital. Average annual precipitation is about 30 inches (800 mm) in Toronto and 40 inches (1,000 mm) in Montreal. A day with temperatures of 30 degrees Celsius (86 ° Fahrenheit) or above are far less likely to happen in Vancouver or Victoria than most other major Canadian cities. The cities included in these rankings are Canada's largest metropolitan areas. In mountainous regions such as British Columbia the variety of elevations creates micro-climates with average temperatures that can vary wildly within relatively small distances. Several sites along the British Columbia coast receive annual quantities in excess of 100 inches (2,500 mm), but British Columbia receives much less precipitation in summer than in winter because low-pressure systems move on a more northerly track in summer and seldom cross the southern part of the coast. The Atlantic Provinces are wetter than the provinces of Central Canada. It has highest average daily maximum and minimum temperatures among the country's large cities. The tables below list the major Canadian cities with the highest maximum and minimum temperature averages, the most hot days and the longest period without frost. Thus, west-coast Vancouver has an average January temperature of 37 °F (3 °C) and an average July temperature of 64 °F (18 °C), while in Regina, Saskatchewan, on the interior plains, average temperatures vary from −1 to 67 °F (−18 to 19 °C). You could say Victoria, British Columbia is the major city in Canada with the hottest weather. Home | Privacy & Cookies | Contact | About. Fall in Canada. Ocean currents play an important role, with both the warm waters of the Gulf Stream in the Atlantic and the Alaska Current in the Pacific affecting climate. In the North and the interior plains, snowfall is light because cold air is very dry. The temperatures of mid-August 1935 set many records that have remained unbeaten for over 70 years. Canada's hottest days ever include July 11 and 12, 1936 in Manitoba Vancouver has an annual average precipitation of about 40 inches (1,000 mm). Canadian cities with the hottest days year-round have an average daily high temperature that's above 12 degrees Celsius (53.7 ° Fahrenheit). The coldest place in Canada based on average yearly temperature is Eureka, Nunavut, where the temperature averages at −19.7 °C or −3.5 °F for the year. During the summer, however, the parts of Canada farthest from open water are the warmest. The biggest part of Canada has a continental climate, although average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary according to the location. Before then, the weather station was near the city centre at Stanley Park. But if you look at the rankings for frost-free period, Vancouver, BC is typically free of frost for 26 days longer than Victoria. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. For ten of Canada's hottest cities the growing season lasts longer than 165 days. Because of its great latitudinal extent, Canada has a wide variety of climates. 1981-2010 Climate Normals & Averages. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −81 °F (−63 °C) at Snag, Yukon, in 1947. Spring and summer are wetter than winter. The hottest places in Canada are in the southern prairies and the southern interior of British Columbia. As for really hot weather, neither BC city even makes it into the top ten. It has highest average daily maximum and minimum temperatures among the country's large cities. The highest temperature measured during that time was 34 degrees Celsius (94 Fahrenheit) on July 30, 2009. Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it drops below −20 °C (−4 °F) on most winter days and has a very brief summer season. The northern two-thirds of the country has a climate similar to that of northern Scandinavia, with very cold winters and short, cool summers. The table can be reordered by clicking on the box in each column. Meteorological Service of Canada. Before this, the highest temperature reliably recorded on Earth was 129.2F (54C) - also in Death Valley in 2013.
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