16. usually valvate lobes or often bilabiate. Corn. usually ten, hidden by perianth to long- exerted and sometimes showy filaments Peanuts are commercially grown in the United States, Asia, Africa, and Central and South America. Medicinal plants: Many plants of this family are used in medicines. 14. of one carpel, distinct, usually elongate and with a short gynophore. Dye yielding plant - Dyes like indigo and haematoxylin is also derived from the plants. Ornamental plants: Some important ornamental plants are Lathyrus (pea), Lupinus, Clitoria, Butea, etc. Pollen are monads, tetrads or polyads. Except for the soybean and peanut, the order is not noted for the oil content of the seeds since most seeds have only about 10 percent oil content by weight. Legume seeds constitute a part of the diet of nearly all humans. As mentioned above, the legumes produce secondary compounds of an irritating or poisonous nature that provide protection against predators. Fabaceae contains the more important crop plants, such as soybeans, beans, cowpeas (Vigna), pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan), chick-peas (Cicer arietinum), lentils (Lens culinaris), peas (Pisum sativum), and peanuts. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. (= Leguminosae) Bean family - Fabaceae. Thus the products … Glycyrrhiza glabra used as cough mixture. They are still in the same stage as teosinte (the ancestor of corn) or einkorn and emmer (the ancestors of the modern varieties of cultivated wheats) in yield and utilization potential. Timber: Many plants of the Fabaceae family provide timber of building, furniture, and fuel. Other important plants are acacia, used for animal food (both pods and leaf forage), for soil improvement and revegetation, and as a source of tannin and pulpwood; Cordeauxia edulis (yeheb), an uncultivated desert shrub of North Africa that has been so extensively exploited for food (seeds) that it is in danger of extinction; Ceratonia siliqua (carob), a Mediterranean plant whose fruits are used as animal and human food and in the manufacture of industrial gums; and Tamarindus indica (tamarind) of Africa, now primarily grown in India, which has food and medicinal uses and is also used as an industrial gum.
Fermented pods are used in making soy sauce, a flavouring common in Asian cooking. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Legumes in general are used to revitalize nutrient-depleted soils, especially abandoned or abused agricultural and grazing lands. The soybean is a bushy annual whose seeds are an important source of oil and protein. Pachyrhizus (yam bean) is a high-yield root crop of Central America. Your email address will not be published. A common procedure was the use of crop rotation, usually the alternation of a cash grain crop such as corn (maize) with a legume, often alfalfa (Medicago sativa), in the temperate world. These pulses are used as food and are rich in proteins. Oats, Rye. Pollen grains are monads stamen are ten in number. Pulses are rich in proteins. Notable among the locally useful plants of the legume family is Vigna subterranea (Bambara groundnut), a leguminous plant that develops underground fruits in the arid lands of Africa. Vegetable oil: The seed of Arachis hypogea (peanut) is edible. Food: Most of the important pulses are belonged to this family. A wide variety of alkaloids are found in the order, most of them restricted to Fabaceae, however. connate is monodelphous or diadelphous , pollen grains are tricolporate, tricolpate
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