dragon boat festival history

The International Canoe Federation (ICF) also has a dragon boat program for those of its Member Canoe Federations with an interest in dragon boat. In the past, many diseases and plagues were said to permeate the lands during the same time of year as the festival, and so people would make incense bags to hang around their necks. China Daily, 12 Nov. 2019, www.chinadaily.com.cn/a/201911/12/WS5dca1702a310cf3e35576cd7.html. Traditional dragon boat racing, in China, coincides with the 5th day of the 5th Chinese lunar month (varying from late May to June on the modern Gregorian Calendar). She sacrificed herself for her country, and died in the same day with Qu Yuan. She was a poet, good at art, literature, music and horse riding. Cao E headed to the river bund to search for her father for a long time, but she failed to discover anything. In 2007, the IDBF was recognized as a member of SportAccord (the former General Association of International Sports Federations, GAISF) which is part of the Olympic Movement, after SportAccord considered the historical and cultural backgrounds and identities of dragon boat sports. Some places even make a mixed sweet and savory filling for the zongzi. The steerer may use other calls such as "hold the boat" for the paddlers to brake using their paddles or "let it ride" for them to lift their paddles out of the water. A drummer is typically mandatory during racing events, but if he or she is not present during training, it is typical for the sweep to direct the crew during a race. This is currently found the earliest Duanwu Festivla history. Of the twelve animals which make up the traditional Chinese zodiac, only the Dragon is a mythical creature. Doing so symbolizes the dragon ending its slumber and reenergizing its spirit, or ch'i. A festival race is typically a sprint event of several hundred meters, with 500 meters being the most common. This is the term that has become known in the West. Dragon boat racing is one of Hong Kong’s most colourful, competitive summer events. The date on which races were held is referred to as the "double fifth", since Duanwu is reckoned as the fifth day of the fifth lunar month, which often falls on the Gregorian calendar month of June and occasionally in May or July. What is the legend of the Dragon Boat Festival? [3] Dragon boats, however, do vary in length and the crew size changes accordingly, from small dragon boats with only 10 paddlers up to traditional boats which have upwards of 50 paddlers, plus drummer(s) and steerer. Why do we celebrate Dragon Boat Festival at the begining? The crew of a standard dragon boat typically consists of 22 team members: 20 paddlers in pairs facing toward the bow of the boat, 1 drummer or caller at the bow facing toward the paddlers, and 1 steerer standing at the rear of the boat. After defeating Chu, a new Wu emperor Fuchai came to the throne after his father's death, but he didn't value Wu Zixu's talents. The Khmer Empire used dragon boats in their naval battles. It is a rice dumpling made out of sticky or glutinous rice, wrapped in bamboo leaves to form a pyramid shape that is tied with plant stems. Dragon boat racing has been a traditional Chinese paddled watercraft activity for over 2000 years and began as a modern international sport in Hong Kong in 1976. Though his actions led to his exile, he wrote in order to show his love for the country. The first pair of paddlers, called "pacers," "strokes" or "timers," set the pace for the team and are responsible for synchronizing their strokes with one another, because it is critical that all paddlers are synchronized. For competition events, dragon boats are generally rigged with decorative Chinese dragon heads and tails. Hearing the woeful news, people sailed boats to salvage his body. The IDBF is not presently an Olympic International Federation of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), but the IOC is currently considering the IDBF application for Olympic Federation status. It commemorates the death of Qu Yuan, a Chinese poet and minister known for his patriotism and contributions to classical poetry and who eventually became a national hero. Hanging Calamus and Wormwood on Doors or Windows. Mythical dragons and serpents are also found widely in many cultures around the world. - Dates & Calendar, Top 12 Events of Dragon Boat Racing in China. It is a vibrant spectacle that consists of heavy drumming and intense racers as they race to reach the finish line. [6] Both Sport and Festival racing are very competitive and many paddlers train year round, using paddling machines or pools in addition to on-water sessions.[7]. Wu or Ng refers to the sun at its highest position in the sky during the day, the meridian of 'high noon'. They believed this would not only protect them from the diseases but from evil spirits too. Although it was dangerous with the deluge, the old man insisted to go. Venerating the dragon deity was meant to avert misfortune and calamity and encourage rainfall, which is needed for the fertility of the crops and thus, for the prosperity of an agrarian way of life. A steerer uses calls to direct the paddlers. Till the sunset, her father still didn't return. These boats are typically made of carbon fiber, fiberglass, and other lightweight materials. Hence, people hang calamus and mugwort leaves on door frames to dispel the evil spirits, and take herb water bath to prevent against skin disease. Thus, Duan Wu is an ancient reference to the maximum position of the sun in the northern hemisphere, the longest day of the year or the summer solstice. The Chinese calendar is lunisolar, so the date of the festival varies from year to year on the Gregorian calendar.In 2017, it occurred on 30 May; in 2018, on 18 June; in 2019, on 7 June; and in 2020, on 25 June. The sport of dragon boat racing has its roots in an ancient folk ritual of contending villagers, which dates back 2000 years throughout southern China, and even further to the original games of Olympia in ancient Greece. People from different regions hold various ideas on the festival's origin and history, and the most popular saying is the legend associated with the great poet Qu Yuan in Warring States Period (475 - 221 BC). [1] Dragon boat racing has been practiced continuously since this period as the basis for annual water rituals and festival celebrations, and for the traditional veneration of the Chinese dragon water deity. Now, dragon boat races and other activities are held annually throughout ten sites in Hong Kong during this festive time. After witnessing the collapse of his country, Chu State, he was unwilling to give himself up to other countries.Therefore, he committed suicide by drowning in Miluo River on the fifth day of the fifth lunar month. People built a temple in memory of her filial piety, and the fifth day of the fifth lunar month was also used to mark her greatness. The oar lock is housed on top of the steering arm, which sticks out perpendicularly on the back-left of a dragon boat. Upon hearing news of this tragic attempt, villagers took boats and carried dumplings to the middle of the river to try and save Qu Yuan, but their efforts were in vain. Legend has it that Qu Yuan felt such remorse after the capture of his country’s capital that, after finishing his final poem, he waded into the Mi Lo River in today’s Hunan province as a form of protest and despair to the corruption surrounding him. After a few days, local villagers founded Cao E, with her father on her back, both dead in the river. Similar to the use of outrigger canoes or Polynesian va'a, dragon boat racing has a rich background of ancient ceremonial, ritualistic and religious traditions, and thus, the modern competitive aspect is but one small part of this complex dragon boat culture.

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