belgium laws in english

[1] When the sort of court with purview has been resolved, the case will be assigned to places to be considered. [1] Other than the five major codes, a variety of special codes related to military objects, patents, railways, shipping, etc. There were talks in recent years, however, about abolishing this rule. Street musicians in Leuven are subject to fines for playing off-key if it disturbs public order or peace. Jobs | This had seen some 1,500 titles blacklisted since the law’s implantation in 1936. There are five major codes, which are Code civil (The Civil Code), Code de commerce (The Commercial Code), Code penal (The Criminal Code), Code d'instruction criminelle (Code of Criminal Procedure) and the Code judiciaire (Judicial Code). [4], Belgium is a federal state with a civil law system. Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device. Press | [1] Also, the exercise of power by public authority is supervised by the Constitutional court. These games require a license from the Kansspelcommissie or no-one wins any financial gain. The significant role of Napoleonic code was the replacement of the feudal system of law which was the rest of the French monarchy. Inspector General | [8] Commercial law mainly covers legal cases between transactions on commerce, trade and merchandise. After the Netherlands decriminalized euthanasia, Belgium was the first country in the world to legalize euthanasia in 2002. Until 2005, only the Belgian government could print posters using white paper and black ink. Your choices will not impact your visit. Weird laws also arise from nothing other than mistakes made by past legislators. [4] International law is also a crucial source in Belgium’s legal system, as Belgium is part of various European Union, such as European Convention on Human Right (ECHR), Treaty on European Union, and EU Regulations and Directives. French codes are the typical example of a legal system in Belgium affected by conquests of France. Customary law is in Belgium also a binding source. [6] The constitution of Belgium is officially proclaimed by the first Belgian parliament with the Belgian constitutional law. There is one difference with the court system of France in Belgium, which is usage of language in the court. Most of them are based on the civil laws from the code Napoleon, which has been modified to suit the spirit of modern times and customs of the country, and adapted from French. Before diving into the stranger Belgian laws, Belgium can be noted on many progressive laws implemented over the years: The Belgian laws restricting games of chance mean that prohibitions apply to commercial contests, sweepstakes, lotteries, and even private poker games. This law initially banned night police raids on private homes as a civilian consideration to safeguard family privacy – but a Belgian law that recent terrorism events have shown needs an urgent review. [5], Belgium became independent in 1830 after Napoleon was defeated at Waterloo and Southern Netherlands. Possession of drugs and trafficking in drugs are serious offences. A law from 1851 gives the Belgian National Lottery a monopoly on all lottery and scratch card games. ICLG - Data Protection Laws and Regulations - Belgium covers common issues including relevant legislation and competent authorities, territorial scope, key principles, individual rights, registration formalities, appointment of a data protection officer and of processors - in 39 jurisdictions. The legal process held in the village was also recorded, such as marriage and decease. In Ieper, people risk a GAS fine if they fail to notify the municipality when street signs have become illegible. There are also special courts, which are The Assize Court, The Military Court, Workmen’s Court and The Juvenile Court. Whether you’re just visiting or living in Belgium, it’s important to be aware of local Belgian laws so you don’t end up in jail or fined for unknowingly breaking them – no how matter how bizarre of a Belgian law it appears to be.

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