Government have all along been most anxious to find a satisfactory solution to the problem of foreigners in Assam. This addition would now determine citizenship in Assam on the basis of the 1985 accord. December 13, 2019 December 13, 2019 - by abdul. 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They fear that citizenship bill will lead to lakhs of people from Bangladesh swamping indigenous communities, burdening resources and threatening their language, culture and tradition. In order to reflect this change, an amendment was passed in 1987, which added Section 6A to the Citizenship Act of 1955. It will be ensured that the relevant law restricting acquisition of immovable property by foreigners in Assam is strictly enforced. Here click on the “Settings” tab of the Notification option. It was signed in the presence of the then Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in New Delhi on 15 August 1985. Riverine patrolling along the international border would be intensified. 5.2 All persons who came to Assam prior to 1.1.1966, including those amongst them whose name appeared on the electoral rolls used in 1967 elections, shall be regularized. All those foreigners who had entered Assam between 1951 and 1961 were to be given full citizenship including the right to vote. Clause 6: Constitutional, Legislative & Administrative safeguards: 6. 5.5 For this purpose, Government of India will undertake suitable strengthening of the governmental machinery. Under Clause 5.8, “Foreigners who came to Assam on or after March 25, 1971 shall continue to be detected, deleted and practical steps shall be taken to expel such foreigners.”. 5.7 All persons who were expelled, earlier, but have since re-entered illegally into Assam, shall be expelled. It reads: “Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the culture, social, linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people.”. But as officials race against time to update and decide who in Assam is not an Indian, there’s one more problem that awaits them. Even if 10,000 people are finally identified as the opposite of ‘genuine Indians,’ how will they be deported to Bangladesh, which doesn’t recognise the problem of immigration in the first place? The 'confidential' report released by ASSU sought to implement the Assam Accord in letter and spirit and has also asked the government for prompt measures to seal the India-Bangladesh border. The accord brought an end to the Assam Agitation and paved the way for the leaders of the agitation to form a political party and form a government in the state of Assam soon after. The answer to these questions lies in the Assam Accord of 1985, which was signed between the government and certain groups, as an outcome of the social, political and economic conditions that prevailed in the state. The Ministry of Home Affairs will be the nodal Ministry for the implementation of the above. News:The debate on the Citizenship Amendment Bill (CAB) passed by Parliament has repeatedly flagged the alleged violation of the Assam Accord by the new law. 15. The combination of these factors eventually led to a surge in the number of Muslims in Assam. Later Citizenship Act was amended for the first time in the next year, 1986. 5.4 Names of Foreigners so detected will be deleted from the electoral rolls in force. There is deep anxiety among people that with the CAB paving the road to easy citizenship for illegal immigrants from Bangladesh as long as they were not Muslim, Assam will be overrun by aliens. of Assam”, and “liaises with All Assam Students’ Union and the different Department(s)/Organization(s) of the Government of India and Government of Assam involved in the process of implementation of the clauses of Assam Accord”. The agitation was led by the youth, who saw a direct threat to their future from the illegal influx of foreigners into the state. It said all signatories have been “most anxious to find a satisfactory solution to the problem of foreigners in Assam”, and that AASU had, through a memorandum dated February 2, 1980, conveyed to then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi its “profound sense of apprehensions regarding the continuing influx of foreign nationals into Assam and the fear about adverse effects upon the political, social, culture and economic life of the State”. Clause 12: Registration of births and deaths: 12. It also suggested reservation of 80-100 percent in Parliament seats from the state, while recommended creation of an Upper House in Assam. of Assam, Explain the issue or your ideas, the browser you have used etc. Some of the … For all the latest Explained News, download Indian Express App. Clause 11: Restricting acquisition of immovable property by foreigners: 11. The Assam Accord was a Memorandum of Settlement (MoS) signed between representatives of the Government of India and the leaders of the Assam Movement in New Delhi on 15 August 1985. Further, episodes of mass-migration were witnessed in Assam during Partition and finally during Bangladesh’s war of liberation in 1971. Indira Gandhi, conveyed their profound sense of apprehensions regarding the continuing influx of foreign nationals into Assam and the fear about adverse effects upon the political, social, culture and economic life of the State. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Clause 6 deals with safeguards for the Assamese people. At the heart of the Accord was the “Foreigners Issue” (Clause 5), and “Safeguards and Economic Development” (Clauses 6 and 7). If you spot anything wrong with the page or have an idea to improve the page, tell us about it. Click here to join our channel (@indianexpress) and stay updated with the latest headlines. Although the Assam Accord was signed in 1985, political compulsions ensured that it wasn’t implemented by successive governments. * The moderation of comments is automated and not cleared manually by, Copyright © 2020 The Indian Express [P] Ltd. All Rights Reserved. Earlier, several rounds of informal talks had been held in 1984. You have entered an incorrect email address! The All Assam Students Union (AASU) and the all Assam Gana Sangram Parishad (AAGSP) call off the agitation, assure full co-operation and dedicate themselves towards the development of the country.