In the island he worked with Petru Giovacchini (the possible governor of Corsica if the Axis had won the war). Cristofini, as head of the Ajaccio troops, helped the Italian Army to repress Resistance opposition in Corsica before the Italian Armistice in September 1943. The war against France is just and holy as the name of God is holy and just, and here on our mountains will appear for all Italy the sun of liberty." Candu si fazìa buggiu, a noi pizzinni zi mandàbani a piglià granchi, cu' la luzi, chi vi vurìa pa innischà l'amu pa pischà. The January 2007 estimated population of Corsica was 281,000, whereas the figure for the March 1999 census, when most of the studies—though not the linguistic survey work referenced in this article—were performed, was about 261,000 (see under Corsica). The Northern and central dialects in the vicinity of the Taravo river adopt the Italian seven-vowel system, whereas all the Southern ones around the so-called "archaic zone" with its centre being the town of Sartène (including the Gallurese dialect spoken in Northern Sardinia) resort to a five-vowel system without length differentiation, like Sardinian. This division along the Girolata-Porto Vecchio line was due to the massive immigration from Tuscany which took place in Corsica during the lower Middle Ages: as a result, the northern Corsican dialects became very close to a central Italian dialect like Tuscan, while the southern Corsican varieties could keep the original characteristics of the language which make it much more similar to Sicilian and, only to some extent, Sardinian. In the 14th century there was La Cronica of Giovanni della Grossa (1388-1464), Pier Antonio Monteggiani (1464-1525) and Marcantoni Ceccaldi (1526-1559). Though influenced by Gallurese, it has maintained the original characteristics of Southern Corsican. In 1980 about 70 percent of the population of the island "had some command of the Corsican language. Research into earlier evidence of Corsican is ongoing. Tandu a piaghja ghjéra piena di rèna, senza scódda né ròcchi è si staghjìa in mari ori fin'a quandu, viola da u fritu, andàghjìami a vultulàcci in quidda rèna buddènti da u soli. Corsica. The 20th century saw a language shift, with the islanders changing their language practices to the extent that there were no monolingual Corsican speakers left by the 1960s. For centuries, the island was ruled by the Republic of Genoa, one of the many city-states that existed in the Italian peninsula before the modern Italian state was born in 1861. Corsica was part of the Republic of Genoa for centuries until 1768, when the Republic ceded the island to France, one year before the birth of Napoleon Bonaparte in the capital city of Ajaccio.Under France, the use of Corsican (a regional tongue which is closely related to Italian) has gradually declined in favour of the standard French language. In the dialect of maddalenino, as it is known in Italian, there are also numerous words of Genoese and Ponzese origin. All vowels are pronounced except in a few well-defined instances.  In 40 AD, the natives of Corsica did not reportedly speak Latin. " In 1990 out of a total population of about 254,000 the percentage had declined to 50 percent, with only 10 percent using it as a first language. M'ammentu, candu érami stéddi, chi li nostri mammi ci mandàani da pal noi a fàcci lu bagnu. Perhaps the biggest difference between standard Italian and Corsican is that the latter uses the u termination, whereas standard Italian uses the o ending. (ella) amarebbe "she would love") are generally considered Cismontani dialects, situated north of a line uniting the villages of Piana, Vico, Vizzavona, Ghisoni and Ghisonaccia, and also covering the subgroups from the Cap Corse (which, unlike the rest of the island and similarly to Italian, uses lu, li, la, le as definite articles), Bastia (besides i > e and a > e, u > o: ottanta, momentu, toccà, continentale; a > o: oliva, orechja, ocellu), Balagna, Niolo and Corte (which retain the general Corsican traits: distinu, ghjinnaghju, sicondu, billezza, apartu, farru, marcuri, cantaraghju, uttanta, mumentu, tuccà, cuntinentale, aliva, arechja, acellu). He actively collaborated with Italian forces in Corsica during the first months of 1943. Quando faceva buio, noi ragazzi ci mandavano a fare granchi, con la luce, che serviva per mettere l'esca agli ami per pescare. 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